Nouvelle-Zélande: La lutte contre le tabagisme chez les Maoris et les Pasifika doit rester une priorité


«De retour 2011 quand sans fumée 2025 A été lancé, elle était considérée comme faisable, même si elle exigeait des programmes et une intervention gouvernementaux sérieux et délibérés. toutefois, neuf ans plus tard, nous sommes encore malheureusement à des kilomètres,” said AVCA co-director Nancy Loucas earlier this year.

She had referred to data indicating that unless drastic measures are taken, non-Māori Kiwis won’t be smokefree until 2038, and Māori until 2061. Malheureusement, added Loucas, the recently implemented Smokefree Environments and Regulated Products (vaping) amendement Bill, will be another stumbling block. «Une énorme opportunité a été manquée pour rendre les produits de vapotage à risque réduit plus accessibles aux fumeurs afin d'atteindre le SmokeFree 2025 objectif fixé par le gouvernement," dit-elle.

The Smokefree Environments and Regulated Products (vaping) amendement Bill

The Smokefree Environments and Regulated Products (vaping) Amendment Bill has set in place a tobacco age limit of 18 and restricted the sales of flavoured vaping products to specialist vape retailers. It has also banned nicotine pouches, set restrictions on advertising and set in place standards to ensure product safety.

The Parliamentary Library recently published a research brief titled ‘Progress towards a Smokefree Aotearoa 2025’. The research notes the Ministry of Health initially formed two interim targets for 2018 which were to have the overall daily smoking prevalence down to 10%, and Maori and Pacific rates halved from their 2011 les niveaux.

NZ’s overall smoking rate has dropped significantly

toutefois, une 2019 Action sur le tabagisme et la santé (CENDRE) report highlights that while New Zealand’s overall smoking rate dropped significantly (de 16.3% dans 2011/12, à 13.1% dans le 2017/18), la 2018 interim targets for Maori and Pacific people did not. The Māori smoking rate fell from 37.7% in to 31.2% – well short of the 18.9% target; and the Pacific smoking rate fell from 22.6% à 20.0% – again quite far off from the 11.3% target.

Fou, said that this data should serve as another reminder to new Associate Health Minister, Dr Ayesha Verrall, that despite a range of initiatives funded and legislated for by successive governments, many New Zealanders remain at considerable risk when it comes to tobacco harm.

“Alarmingly, there has been little change in smoking prevalence among Pacific adults. Maori smoking rates have fallen but with nearly one in three still smoking, Maori have the highest rate among all ethnicities. Quoi de plus, adults living in the most socio-economically deprived areas are 3.6 times more likely to be current smokers. Malheureusement, this research confirms there is still so much more work to do," dit-elle.

The Ministry of Health understands the role of vaping in achieving NZ’s smokefree goal

She added that despite the media demonisation of vaping in recent years, the Parliamentary Library’s brief shows that the Ministry of Health views vaping as a contributor to the country’s 2025 smokefree goal, and noted that this year’s legislation to regulate vaping, supports smokers in switching to these less harmful products.

“The research brief does well to reinforce that vaping is increasingly common among Kiwi smokers and those who have quit smoking. Quoi de plus, it makes it abundantly clear that any concerns that young people who would never have considered smoking may be taking up vaping appear to be unfounded.”

Maori and Pacific people are decades away from smokefree

Loucas explained that while it’s clear that vaping has helped so many Kiwis quit tobacco, Maori and Pacific people sadly remain decades off becoming smokefree unless significant interventions and actions are taken soon.

“AVCA looks forward to the Government’s draft Smokefree 2025 Plan d'action, due to be released for public consultation in 2021. We are hoping it will recommend that vaping, as an effective smoking cessation tool, is made more accessible to those communities most at risk from tobacco,” concluded Loucas.

Nouvelle-Zélande: Opinions sur les projets de lois sur la vape récemment publiés

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La source: VapingPost